Renal Colic

What is renal colic?

Renal colic pain is very strong, sudden, heartbreaking, which originated back (the back), kidney projection area (below the last rib). Radiating pain (go) to the above, to the belly, towards the front of the foot and external genital organs (penis, scrotum, vulva). The pain is not continuous, has a wavy trend: the painful moments of calm followed. The maximum intensity of pain is the path the last rib, spine and one hand up to her side.

Renal colic causes

• kidney stones (kidney stones)
• blood clots
• tumor fragments
• cazeum (in renal tuberculosis) – mass of necrotic substance rich in protein and fat, like cheese
• papillary necrosis
• trauma

How renal colic it is manifest?

Most often this is caused by renal colic renal stones. As long as the stones are immobile, the patient remains asymptomatic or have nonspecific low back pain occasionally. When a kidney stone is mobilized and irritate the ureter appears renal colic with progressive colicky pain in the lumbar region or flanks. Pain may radiate to the external genitals and inner thigh before – insert deep in ureteral calculi. Also, pain can occur due to vibrations, large amount of fluid intake, diuretic treatment, or for no apparent reason. Duration varies from several minutes to several hours and can be repeated if not remove the cause.

Signs of bladder:
- hematuria (presence of blood in urine) in over 70% of cases
- dysuria (painful urination)
- urinary frequency (patient is urinating often)
- bladder tenesmus (feeling of incomplete bladder).

General signs are:
- the patient is pale, sweaty, restless, looking for an antalgic position (which reduce the intensity of pain)
- the feverish demonstrates superimposed urinary infection, favored by slow blood flow in the kidney. Infections represent a high risk factor, renal colic and thus a urological emergency.

Digestive signs (not shown in all cases):
- abdominal bloating (flatulence)
- Nausea, vomiting.